Claude Hermann Walter Johns, M.A. The following are just some of the laws contained in the Code of Hammurabi. Hammurabi believed a CODE OF LAW would help control the empire. pay one mina of silver to their relatives. . If a free person accuses another free person of murder but cannot prove #195: If a son strike his father, they shall cut off his fingers. the interest. 30. on my monument. 61. 130. 237. When the deities of old who allot the destinies of the world. my stele called "King of Justice" in Babylon. 149. If a chieftain or a man be caught in the misfortune of a king, if his son is able to enter into possession, then the field and garden shall be given to him, he shall take over the fee of his father. If a “devoted woman” or a prostitute to whom her father has given a dowry and a deed therefor, but if in this deed it is not stated that she may bequeath it as she pleases, and has not explicitly stated that she has the right of disposal; if then her father die, then her brothers shall hold her field and garden, and give her corn, oil, and milk according to her portion, and satisfy her. If a surgeon performs a major operation which saves the life of a free If a man, who had adopted a son and reared him, founded a household, and had children, wish to put this adopted son out, then this son shall not simply go his way. 138. If the cultivator do not plant corn or sesame in the field, the debtor’s contract is not weakened. If a man rent his field for tillage for a fixed rental, and receive the rent of his field, but bad weather come and destroy the harvest, the injury falls upon the tiller of the soil. If this woman die, he shall pay half a mina. If after the flocks have left the pasture and been shut up in the common fold at the city gate, any shepherd let them into a field and they graze there, this shepherd shall take possession of the field which he has allowed to be grazed on, and at the harvest he must pay sixty gur of corn for every ten gan. wife in the paternal inheritance after the death of the father. on whose ground and territory and in whose domain it was compensate him for the goods stolen. 234. 144. I, Hammurabi, have been called by the great deities. person, that surgeon shall be paid eighty grams of silver. 47. If she have not borne him children, then her mistress may sell her for money. If a chieftain or a man is captured on the “Way of the King” (in war), and a merchant buy him free, and bring him back to his place; if he have the means in his house to buy his freedom, he shall buy himself free: if he have nothing in his house with which to buy himself free, he shall be bought free by the temple of his community; if there be nothing in the temple with which to buy him free, the court shall buy his freedom. If any one hire oxen, cart and driver, he shall pay one hundred and eighty ka of corn per day. The merchant is then proved to be a thief and shall be put to death. A code of law is a set of written rules for people to obey. 53. If a free man's wife wishes to divorce him, the man may divorce her If while in a foreign country a man buy a male or female slave belonging to another of his own country; if when he return home the owner of the male or female slave recognize it: if the male or female slave be a native of the country, he shall give them back without any money. If a free person steals the same type of property from a ( Log Out /  This is meant to create equity in the way that punishments are meted out. or a . 208. 108. 211. 89. by paying this settlement he divorces her. 5. If a priestess who does not live in the temple owns and operates a bar everlasting kingdom, with foundations laid strong as those of heaven and earth. 114. If a herdsman, to whose care cattle or sheep have been entrusted, be guilty of fraud and make false returns of the natural increase, or sell them for money, then shall he be convicted and pay the owner ten times the loss. If he hold the slaves in his house, and they are caught there, he shall be put to death. If, while on the journey, an enemy take away from him anything that he had, the broker shall swear by God and be free of obligation. . circa 1780B.C. that person shall be executed. 198. If a man be taken prisoner in war and there be no sustenance in his house and his wife go to another house and bear children; and if later her husband return and come to his home: then this wife shall return to her husband, but the children follow their father. 257. If a free person breaks the bone of another free person, that person's King, translator The Code of Hammurabi: Hammurabi's Code of Laws: Paragraphs 100-199 Sacred Texts Ancient Near East Index Previous Next 15. If any one buy the cattle or sheep which the king has given to chieftains from him, he loses his money. 39. A merchant may collect interest of thirty-three and one-third per cent CODE OF LAWS. 16. The code, written in cuneiform was displayed on huge pillars near If he put out the eye of a freed man, or break the bone of a freed man, he shall pay one gold mina. 116. 59. 8. 110. 107. Then she may marry the man of her heart. If the son be guilty of no great fault, for which he can be rightfully put out, the father shall not put him out. be done. 165. If she enter another house the judge shall examine the state of the house of her first husband. If the son of a paramour or a prostitute desire his father’s house, and desert his adoptive father and adoptive mother, and goes to his father’s house, then shall his eye be put out. 201. The Code of Hammurabi This law code dates from approximately 1800 BCE. If any one hire a skilled artizan, he shall pay as wages of the . If the purchaser does not bring the merchant and the witnesses before whom he bought the article, but its owner bring witnesses who identify it, then the buyer is the thief and shall be put to death, and the owner receives the lost article. If any one hire a ferryboat, he shall pay three gerahs in money per day. the carpenter's son shall be executed. If any one, who has brought chattels into his father-in-law’s house, and has paid the purchase-money, looks for another wife, and says to his father-in-law: “I do not want your daughter,” the girl’s father may keep all that he had brought. If a man wishes to separate from his wife who has borne him no children, he shall give her the amount of her purchase money and the dowry which she brought from her father’s house, and let her go. 51. If any one place his property with another for safe keeping, and there, either through thieves or robbers, his property and the property of the other man be lost, the owner of the house, through whose neglect the loss took place, shall compensate the owner for all that was given to him in charge. Hanover College History 225. Here are some of the laws of ancient Babylon that King Hammurabi wrote down. As rent of herd cattle he shall pay three gur of corn to the owner. If he be the slave of some one, his owner shall give the physician two shekels. their kingdoms overthrown, their people scattered, and their very existence 282. The sixth Babylonian king, Hammurabi, enacted the code, and partial copies exist on a human-sized stone stele and various clay tablets. 1. If a man put out the eye of another man, his eye shall be put out. If a man does not maintain a child that he has adopted as a son and reared with his other children, then his adopted son may return to his father’s house. 278. eye of another free person, that person's eye shall be put out. But if the woman, before she entered the man’s house, had contracted a debt, her creditor can not arrest her husband therefor. 102. interest for the money, as much as he has received, he shall give a note therefor, and on the day, when they settle, pay to the merchant. 156. 22. If he kill the cattle or sheep that were given to him, he shall compensate the owner with cattle for cattle and sheep for sheep. 105. 14. 249. If a carpenter builds a house for a free person, that carpenter shall She shall keep the house in order, bring up the children, and not sell the house-hold utensils. The son of the wife is to partition and choose. 1. 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